The healthiest lawn and garden can begin to look bad if weeds are allowed to take over.
Herbicides can control weeds in your turf. Chemicals that are useful are 2-4D blends, Asulox, Simazine, Atrazine, and Basagran. Be sure to follow label rates and warnings.
Broad Leaf Weeds
Use selective post emergence formulations which contain two or more herbicides to control broad leaf weeds. Formulations of 2-4D are available for most southern grasses. Some examples are Green Light Wipe Out, Broad leaf Weed Killer, Spectrum 33 Plus, Trimec, Fertilome Weed Out, and Weed-B-Gone. Most labels will stress use on younger weeds growing in the cooler mid-to-late spring. A temporary discoloration of the lawn may occur. A second application three weeks later is often needed on pesky species.
All plants need food or fertilization. The best time to apply fertilizers is during the initial growing season in March or early April.
Generally shrubs do not require more than 1/4 lb. (1/2 cup) of a complete and balanced fertilizer, such as 8-8-8 formula, per square yard of bed area. Distribute the fertilizer evenly around the plants and water. Do not allow raw fertilizer to stick to stems or leaves. Burning may result.
If you did not fertilize in late February, apply 20 lbs. of a complete and balanced fertilizer (8-8-8) per 1,000 square feet of lawn area. Apply when the grass is dry, distribute equally over the lawn area, and water in or off the grass to prevent burning. Apply nitrogen fertilizers in mid or late May.
Prune summer flowering shrubs an
d evergreen shrubs in March or early April. Spring flowering shrubs such as spirea (bridal wreath), forsythia, and flowering guince should be pruned after flowering in late March and early April, depending on weather conditions. Always preserve the natural form of a plant when pruning. Thin out from the center rather than shearing the plant which destroys its form.
Begin setting out bedding plants after danger of frost is over.
Prepare a good soil mixture before planting. A well drained soil with a high humus content is best for bedding plants.
For best growth, cultivate often, keeping out grasses and weeds which use up the moisture and available nutrients from the plants.